In this section, a statement will be given followed by a set of conclusions. The candidate needs to choose the conclusion that logically follows the statement the most. Sometimes the conclusions can be directly understood by reading the statement and sometimes the reader needs to analyze it to get the indirect conclusion. Sometimes any one of the conclusion may follow and sometimes all may follow. It may also happen that either one of them follows or none of them follow. It depends upon the reader's perception of power to analyze the statements to arrive at the right conclusion.
Once you complete this section you can move to Coding and Decoding Aptitude Questions.
Statement : 'We follow some of the best and effective teaching learning practices used by leading institutes all over the world'. - A statement of a Professor of M.N. Institute.
I. The M.N. institute is one of the leading institutes of the world.
II. Whatever is being followed by world's leading institute will definitely be good and useful.
The statement hints at following the practices used by leading institute as positive feature of the M.N. Institute. So, only II follows while I does not.
Statement : Mr. X is one of the probable candidates short-listed candidates short-listed for the post of Director of K.L.M institute.
I. Mr. X will be selected as Director of K.L.M Institute.
II. Mr. X will not be selected as Director of K.L.M Institute.
The fact that Mr. X has been short-listed for the post, does not confirm his selection. So, either I or II follows.
Statement : Smoking is one of those human weaknesses which tend to test the will power of the smoker to the edge.
I.It is difficult for the smokers to give up smoking even if they want to do so.
II. human beings have other weaknesses as well.
The statement mentions that a very strong will power is required to give up smoking and so it is very difficult. Thus, I follows. Also, it is mentioned that smoking is one of the human weaknesses. This means there are other human weaknesses as well. So, II also follows.
Statement : The percentage of the national income shared by the top 10 per cent of households in India is 35.
I. When an economy grows fast, concentration of wealth in certain pockets of population takes place.
II. The national income is unevenly distributed in India.
Nothing about the growth of economy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. Also, it is given that 35 per cent of national income is shared by 10 percent of households. This indicates unequal distribution. so, II follows.
Statement : The manager humiliated Sachin in the presence of his colleagues.
I. The manager did not like Sachin.
II. Sachin was not popular with his colleagues.
The manager might have humiliated Sachin not because of his dislike but on account of certain negligence or mistake on his part. So, I does not follow. Also, nothing about Sachin's rapport with his colleagues can deduced from the statement. So, II also does not follow.
Statement : In a recent survey report, it has been stated that those who undertake physical exercise for at least half an hour a day are less prone to have any heart ailments.
I. Moderate level of physical exercise is necessary for leading a healthy life.
II. All people who do desk-bound jobs definitely suffer from heart ailments.
The statement mentions that chances of heat ailments are greatly reduced by a regular half-hour exercise. so, I follows. However, it talks of only reducing the probability which does not mean that persons involved in sedentary jobs shall definitely suffer from heart ailments. So, II does not follow.
Statement : No country is absolutely self-dependent these days.
I. It is impossible to grow and produce all that a country needs.
II. Countrymen to grow and produce all that a country needs.
Clearly, only I provides a suitable explanation to the given statement. So, only I follows.
Statement : Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.
I. Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well.
II. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.
The statement asserts that people cannot stand any particular trend for long and seek change quite often. So, only II follows.
Statement : Sealed tenders are invited from competent contractors experienced in executing construction jobs.
I. Tenders are invited only from experienced contractors.
II. It is difficult to find competent tenderers in construction jobs.
According to the statement, tenders are invited from contractors experienced in executing construction jobs. So, conclusion I follows. The availability of competent tenders in construction is not mentioned. So, conclusion II does not follow.
Statement : Morning walks are good for health.
I.All healthy people fo gor morning walks.
II. Evening walks are harmful.
The statement mentions that morning walks improve health. But this does not mean that all healthy people go for morning walks. So, I does not follow. Also, nothing is mentioned about evening walks in the statement. so, II also does not follow.
Statement : The distance of 900 km by road between Bombay and Jafra will be reduced to 280 km by sea. This will lead to a saving of Rs. 7.92 crores per annum on fuel.
I.Transportation by sea is cheaper than that by road.
II. Fuel must be saved to the greatest extent.
According to the statement, sea transport is cheaper than road transport in the case of route from Bombay to Jafra, not in all the cases. so, conclusion I does not follow. The statement stresses on the saving of the fuel. So, conclusion II follows.
Statement : All the organised persons find time for rest.
Sunita, in spite of her very busy schedule, finds time for rest.
I.Sunita is an organised person.
II. Sunita is an industrious person.
Sunita has a very busy schedule. This means that she is industrious. but still she finds for rest. This means that she is organised person. so, both I and II follow.
Statement : Only good singers are invited in the conference. No one without sweet voice is good singer.
I. All invited singers in the conference have sweet voice.
II. Those singers who do not have sweet voice are not invited in the conference.
The statement asserts that a good singer always has a sweet voice and only good singers are invited in the conference. This implies that all those invited in the conference have sweet voice and those who do not have sweet voice are not invited. So, both I and II follow.
Statement : "The Government will review the present policy of the diesel price in view of further spurt in the international oil prices". - A spokesman of the Government.
I. The Government will increase the price of the diesel after the imminent spurt in the international oil prices.
II. The Government will not increase the price of the diesel even after the imminent spurt in the international oil prices.
The Government seeks to review the policy so as to determine whether the diesel price needs to be increased or it can be kept stable by adjusting certain other factors. So, either decision may be taken. Thus, either I or II follows.
Statement : Fortune favours the brave.
I. Risks are necessary for success.
II. Cowards die many times before their death.
According to the statement, only those who tackle situations bravely achieve success. So, I follows. However, II is vague with regard to the given statement and so does not follow.
Statement : Any young man who makes dowry as a condition for marriage, discredits himself and dishonours womanhood.
I. Those who take dowry in marriage should be condemned by society.
II. Those who do not take dowry in marriage respect womenhood.
The statement declares dowry as an evil practice and reflects its demerits. Thus, conclusion I follows. Also, it is given that those who take dowry dishonours womenhood. This implies that those who do not take dowry respect womenhood. so, II also follows.
Statement : The Cabinet of State X took certain steps to tackle the milk glut in the state as the cooperative and government dairies failed to use the available milk. - A news report.
I. The milk production of State X is more than its need.
II. The Government and co-operative dairies in State X are not equipped in terms of resources and technology to handle such excess milk.
The use of the term 'milk glut' makes I implicit. Also, the fact that the cooperatives and Government dairies failed to use the available milk indicates that they lack the proper infrastructure to handle such quantities of milk. So, II also follows.
Statement : Irregularity is a cause for failure in exams. Some regular students fail in the examinations.
I. All failed students are regular.
II. All successful students are not regular.
The-given statement clearly implies that all irregular and some regular students fail in the examinations. This, in turn, means that all successful students are regular but not all regular students are successful. so, neither I nor II follows.
Statement : Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.
I. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.
II. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.
Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.
Statement : America's defence secretary reiterated that they would continue to supply arms to Pakistan.
I. Pakistan is incapable of manufacturing arms.
II. It would ensure peace in the region.
Pakistan's ability to manufacture arms is not being talked about in the statement. So, I does not follow. The fact in II cannot be deduced from the given statement. So, II also does not follow.