LOGICAL REASONING QUESTIONS:
Capgemini’s logical reasoning questions are 16 in total. The time limit is 50 minutes. Capgemini expects the candidate to solve the aptitude and logical questions within the 50 minutes time frame.
A candidate is expected to be good in thinking logically. Naturally being able to reason out well will help the candidate to solve these questions.
This section is designed to evaluate a candidate’s ability to interpret patterns and number sequences. Some questions will be related to flowcharts as well.
The candidate is supposed to be good at understanding pictures which comes under a candidate’s visual ability to assess something. So, they will give you 3 to 4 questions related to visual reasoning.
Capgemini wants their employees to be good in English. So, they will give 2 to 3 questions related to statements and conclusions.
Following the same logic, you will have 3 to 4 questions related to data sufficiency and 2 to 3 questions related to relationships.
In each of the following questions, three statements are given followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements : No table is fruit. No fruit is window. All windows are chairs.
Conclusions : I. No window is table.
II. No chair is fruit.
III. No chair is table.
IV. All chairs are windows.
I and II follow
III and IV follow
None of these
No table is fruit. No fruit is window.
Since both the premises are negative, no definite conclusion follows.
No fruit is window. All windows are chairs.
Since the middle term 'windows' is distributed twice and one premise is negative, the conclusion must be particular negative. So, it follows that 'some chairs are not fruits'.
Statements : Is buying things on installments profitable to the customer?
I. Yes. He has to pay less.
II. No. Paying instalments upsets the family budget.
In buying things on installments, a customer has to pay more as the interest is also included. So, argument I does not hold. Moreover, one who buys an item on installments maintains his future budget accordingly as he is well acquainted with when an how much he has to pay, beforehand. so, argument II is also not valid.
In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.
Statement : The Government of India has set up one-stop facilitation counters manned by trained staff for attending to various needs of the foreign tourists at all international airports.
I. There is adequate trained available to man these counters in shifts.
II. The services provided by these counters will help boosting inflow of foreign tourists.
III. Majority of the foreign tourists need variety of services when they reach India.
I and II
II and III
All are implicit
None of these
Since the Government has already set up such customers, it implies that they have adequate staff to handle the same. So, I is implicit. Besides, such counters have been set up to make the foreign tourists feel at home when they visit our country. So, this will surely be an advantage to foreign tourists. This also implies that foreign tourists do not need such services. Hence, II and III are also implicit.
In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.
Statement : In one of the worst accidents in railway level crossing, fifty people died when a bus carrying them collided on to a running train.
Courses action :
I. The train driver should immediately be suspended.
II. The driver of the bus should be tried in court for negligence on his part.
III. The railway authority should be asked to man all its level crossing.
I and II
II and III
None of these
The problem discussed in the statement is not regarding the current accident to do something to avert such mishaps. Accident at railway crossings can be averted by deploying men to regulate traffic and installing barriers to check traffic movement when a train passes by. So, only III follows.
In each of the following questions, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions. Without resolving anything yourself, choose the conclusion which logically follows from the given statement(s).
Statement : In the university examination, most of the candidates write in Hindi medium.
Some candidates of this examination write in Hindi
Mostly candidates with hindi medium appear in this examination.
In this examination no candidate writes answers in medium other than Hindi
All the candidates who appear in this examination write answers in Hindi
One of the greatest advantages a company has over its competitors is a system of distribution and product support, i.e., the dealer network. Dealers play a vital role in helping a company build and maintain close relationships with customers and gain insights into how they can improve their products and services to fulfill customer needs.
And a company can achieve customer loyalty through dealer loyalty. Therefore, it must make efforts to build their competence, for more effective performance. Dealers who are long established members of a company can get close to customers, but to tap the full potential of such dealers, a company must forge extremely close ties with them and integrate them into its critical business systems.
When treated this way dealers can serve as a source of market intelligence, as proxies for customers, as consultants and the dealers. Although these investments take the usual forms of money, it also includes softer aspects such as training and development.
Mark your answer as:
a) if the inference is 'definitely true' i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage
b) if the inference is 'probably true' though not definitely true in the light of the facts given
c) if the 'data provided is inadequate' i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false
d) if the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given
e) if the inference is 'definitely false' i.e., it contradicts the given facts.
The company should insist dealer loyalty to the extent that the dealer will not sell similar products of any company.
The given inference directly follows from the statement 'And a company can achieve customer loyalty through dealer loyalty', in the passage.
In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer accordingly.
I. The staff of Airport authorities called off the strike they were observing in protest against privatisation.
II. The staff of Airport authorities went on strike anticipating a threat to their jobs.
Calling off the strike and going are events that may not be backed by the same cause.
Thus, they must have been effects triggered by separate independent causes.
'[email protected]' means 'P is the Mother of Q'
'P$Q' means 'P is the husband of Q'
'P#Q' means 'P is the Sister of Q'
'P*Q' means 'P is the Son of Q'
M*[email protected]$K represents what relation of H with K?
None of these
M*[email protected]$K means M is the son of H who is the mother of D who is the husband of K i.e., H is the mother of K's husband i.e., H is K's mother-in-law.
There are five man A,B,C,D and E and six women P,Q,R,S,T and U. A, B and R are advocates; C,D,P,Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some teams are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following conditions:
A,P and U have to be together.
B cannot go with D or R.
E and Q have to be together.
C and T have to be together.
D and P cannot go together.
C cannot go with Q.
If the team is to consist of one male advocate, one male doctor, one lady doctor and two teachers, the members of the team are
The male advocates are A and B; male doctors are C and D; lady doctors are P,Q and S; teachers are E, T and U. If A is selected, P and U will be selected. D and P cannot go together. So, a male doctor C will be selected. C and T have to be together. Thus, the team is A, C, P, T, U.
If B is selected, D will not be selected. So, male doctor C will be chosen. C and T have to be together. Now, the second teacher to be selected is E or U, But, U cannot go without A. So, E will be selected. E and Q have to be together. thus, the team can also be B,C,E,Q,T.
Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the questions given below:
2 P J @ 8 $ L B 1 V # Q 6 δ G W 9 K C D 3 © ♦ £ 5 F R 7 A Y 4
How many symbols and numbers are there in the sequence which are either immediately preceded or immediately followed by the letter which is from the first half of the English alphabet?
none of these
We have to find the symbols and numbers each of which is either immediately preceded or immediately followed by any of the English letters from A to M.
Such elements may be indicated as shown:
2 P J @ 8 $ L B 1 V # Q 6 δ G W 9 K C D 3 © ♦ £ 5 F R 7 A Y 4
Following criteria have been laid down for admission to an Anti-Terrorist Defensive Course of Indian Army.
The candidate must -
(A) have passed graduation with Science Subjects (B.Sc.) with minimum 50% marks in aggregate (Second Class). For SC/ST candidates, there is a relaxation of 5%.
(B) have completed 19 years of age in case of females and 20 years of age in case of males on or before 1st January, 2003.
(C) pay deposit of Rs. 25,000 along with the application form if the applicant has passed graduation in Second Class.
However, if the applicant has secured more than 75% marks at graduation, the deposit amount would be Rs. 15,000 and if the marks are above 60% but below 75%, the deposit amount will be Rs. 20,000. If the candidate is a son or daughter of the serving or ex-defence staff member, the amount of deposit will be 50% of that applicable to others, keeping the merit criteria the same.
(D) For SC/ST candidates, the deposit amount is 20% of that applicable to non-staff relation candidates and the condition of marks for each slab described above in (C) is relaxable by 5%.
(E) If a candidate fulfills the criteria at (A) and (B) but can pay at least three-fourths among of applicable deposit, he/she may be provisionally admitted.
(F) If a candidate who is eligible under (A) and (B) criteria, can pay at least half of the applicable deposit, the case can be referred to the Commander-in-Chief.
(G) The candidates who are eligible under the criteria (A) and (B) but cannot pay even half of the applicable deposit cannot be admitted.
Based on the above criteria, decide which of the following courses of action should be taken in case of the candidates whose description is provided in the following questions. Please note that you are not to assume any data other than those described. However, you may treat the candidate as 'General Category' candidate if his category is not explicitly mentioned as SC/ST. The information provided is as on 1.1.2003.
Mark answer (a) if the candidate can be admitted;
mark answer (b) if the candidate can be provisionally admitted;
mark answer (c) if the candidate should be referred to the Commander-in-Chief;
mark answer (d) if the candidate cannot be admitted;
mark answer (e) if the data given are not sufficient to decide the course of action.
Sahil, born on 23rd February, 1979, has passed his B.Sc. with 63% marks. He is ready to pay a maximum of Rs. 11,000 as deposit. He belongs to ST category.
The deposit slabs mentioned in (C) and (D) may be labelled as under:
|I C||12,500||Staff Children||50%-60%|
|II C||10000||Staff Children||60%-75%|
|III A||15,000||General||More than 75%|
|III B||3,000||SC/ST||More than 70%|
|III C||7,500||Staff Children||More than 75%|
Let us now prepare a tabular analysis of the given candidates.
|Candidate||Marks in B.Sc||Age(yrs.)||Category||Dep.Slab||Deposit||Conditions fulfilled||Course of action|
of II A
of III A
|√||-||-||-||√||-||Refer to C-in-C|
|Sahil||63%||23+||ST||II B||11000>II B||√||√||-||√||-||-||-||Admit|
|Ronit||76%||20+||Staff||III C||2000>III C||√||√||√||-||-||-||-||Admit|
of III A
|√||√||-||-||-||√||-||Refer to C-in-C|
|Cyrus||64%||23+||ST||II B||7500>II B||√||√||-||√||-||-||-||Admit|
|Tanya||68%||21+||Staff||II C||11000> II C||√||√||√||-||-||-||-||Admit|
|Rahul||46%||N.A||Staff||I B||15000> I B||√||N.A||√||-||-||-||-||Data inad.|
How many girls are taller than Shravan in his class?
I. When students of Shravan's class are ranked in descending order of their heights, Shravan's rank is 17th from the top among all the students and 12th among boys.
II. Shravan's rank from the bottom on the basis of height among boys is 18th and among all students, 29th.
FRom I, we conclude that there are 16 students and 11 boys taller than Shravan. This implies that there are 5 girls taller than Shravan.
In II, Shravan's rank from the bottom is mentioned and to ascertain the number of girls taller than him, we need to know his rank from the top for which the number of students in the class is required, which is not given.
You are the leader of a group and a new member joins it. How would you make the matter comfortable?
Explaining what the job requires, and then allowing him to develop his own methods
Giving him a complete set of instructions to study
Correcting him tactfully when he shows his weak points
By making the job interesting to him by praising him when he does well.
The following figure represents a set of persons - the triangle represents educated persons, the rectangle represents policeman, the ellipse represents road tax payers and circle represents shopkeepers.
The following questions are based on the above diagram.
On the basis of this figure, it can be concluded that
none of the educated shopkeepers is a policeman though an uneducated policeman is a shopkeeper.
Some of the educated shopkeepers are road tax payers even though they discharge duties of a policeman
some of the educated policemen who pay road tax are sharing profits with uneducated shopkeepers
none of the educated shopkeepers is a policeman nor an educated policeman a shopkeeper.
Since there is no common region between the rectangle and the circle, so only (d) follows.
In certain code, MOTHER is written as ONHURF. How is ANSWER written in that code?
None of these
Divide the word into three groups of two letters each and write the letters of each group in the reverse order. In the group of letters so obtained, the second, fourth and sixth letters are each moved one step forward to get the code. Thus, we have:
AN SW ER --> NA WS RE --> NBWTRF